Belfast Botanic Gardens Fern Collections
This is one of a series of short articles about ferns in the Belfast Botanic Gardens, compiled by members of the Friends group and Gardens staff.
Tropical and sub-tropical ferns
The fern collection in the Palm House and the Tropical Ravine
Belfast Botanic Gardens has a notable collection of tropical and sub-tropical ferns, housed partly in the Palm House and partly in the Tropical Ravine. All ferns from the Tropical Ravine were removed during building work for the restoration. These were maintained and propagated in reserve greenhouses, ready for re-planting. They are all now returned to the Ravine and with the improved temperature and humidity control are thriving. There is also a selection of tropical ferns currently in the central part of the Palm House. Some of these are shown below.
Tropical ferns in the Belfast Botanic Gardens palmhouse
Part of the tropical fern collection
Here are two of the tropical ferns at present in the Palm House. The first is Didymochlaena truncatula. The Mahogany fern or the Tree Maidenhair.
This is a terrestrial fern of deeply shaded moist situations in wet evergreen forest in Tropical Africa, sub-tropical southern Africa and Madagascar, Asia and America. Although the fronds can grow up to 2.5m long this fern is sold as a house plant in the UK. This fern has recently (2015) been moved from the Dryopteris family to a new family the Didymochlaenaceae.
Didymochlaena truncatula. in Belfast Botanic Gardens Palm House
Frond detail of Didymochlaena truncatula.
Underside of frond of Didymochlaena truncatula.
Detail of sori (containing sporangia)
The second tropical fern is Asplenium nidus the bird's nest fern or nest fern. In contrast to the mahogany fern, this is an epiphyte. It lives on trees in wet tropical forest. It is similar to, but much larger than, the Irish native species in the same genus Asplenium scolopendrium. The Irish Asplenium is also often epiphytic, especially on oak trees in damp woodland.
Asplenium nidus in Belfast Botanic Gardens Palm House
Epiphytic Asplenium nidus in tropical montain
forest on Mt Manucoco, Atauro
(photo from Wikapedia